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Russian Military Message Types

 

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Information is divided into following categories, by importance and urgency:

–      Signals of combat control and warnings;
–      Message divided into categories of urgency: “Monolith” (Монолит) , “Air”(Воздух), “Rocket” (Ракета), “Plane”(Самолет), “Regular” (Обычный).

Messages in category “Air” are transmitted without queuing once all messages of “Monolith” category have finished transmitting.

Radio messages in various categories of urgency are transmitted in such order:

1.    “Monolith” – reception and transmission of messages in other categories of urgency are interrupted;

2.    “Air” – after “Monolith” category messages, reception and transmission of messages in cathegories “Rocket”, “Plane”, and “Regular” are interrupted;

3.    “Rocket” – after “Monolith” and “Air” category messages, reception and transmission of messages in cathegories “Plane” and “Regular” are interrupted;

4.    “Plane” – after “Monolith”, “Air”, and “Rocket” category messages, reception and transmission of “Regular” messages are interrupted;

5.    “Regular” messager are transmitted after “Plane” category messages, in order of their arrival.
When operating an open radio channel, the category of message’s urgency is coded via cipher table of radio operator on duty, or using a different method.

When using international call signs, the category of message’s urgency is transmitted openly in abbreviated form; e. g. in Russian «Монолит» (мнл), «Воздух» (взд), «Ракета» (ркт), «Самолет» (смл) etc.

Received and printed messages are color-coded by their urgency: “Monolith” and “Air” – red hatching, “Rocket” – green, “Plane” – blue.


Emergency signals are given higher priority than “Monolith” category messages.

This is a translation from the Наставление по радиосвязи в вооруженных силах СССР (The Radio Manual for the armed forces of the USSR) translation from Russian by Yuri Giderashko.

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